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History Medical Laboratory Technician Does

History Medical Laboratory Technician Does

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History For What A Medical Laboratory Technician Does


In the 1930s, Dr. George Papanicolaou developed a laboratory test we now refer to as, the Pap Smear. Performed through a simple medical procedure, the Pap smear is the most extensively used laboratory test used to detect cervical cancer in women as well as other related conditions. It is the most accurate test, reducing deaths due to cervical cancer by over 75%.

In many cases, Medical Laboratory Technicians can find conditions that could have developed into cancer if gone un investigated. Because of this simple test, women have a chance of preventing cancer before it even gets started. Medical laboratory technology is a combination of medicine and science. A laboratory technician performs lab tests in a wide variety of areas such as blood banking, hematology, immunology, and microbiology. Technicians responsibilities may prepare specimens and use machines that automatically analyze samples. They may follow detailed instructions for the tests. Some technicians run all types of tests while others specialize. The practice of modern medicine would be impossible without the tests performed in the clinical laboratory. In addition, one career opportunity for Medical laboratory Technicians is that laboratory Technicians work with new and continuing research in fighting diseases.

Laboratory Technicians include:

Clinical Chemistry
Conducts tests on blood and body fluid to detect chemicals, hormones and/or drugs.
Common Test - Blood Glucose (blood sugar) to diagnose and monitor diabetes

Clinical Microbiology
Conducts tests on blood, body fluid and/or tissue samples to detect bacteria, fungi, viruses, and/or parasites.
Common Test - Throat swab to detect strep throat

Hematology
Conducts tests to measure blood cells and to detect diseases/disorders of the blood.
Common Test - Hemoglobin Test to detect anemia

Transfusion Science
Conducts blood typing and blood compatibility tests.
Common Test - Cross-matching for blood transfusions

Histology
Prepares samples of body tissue for tests to detect disease.
Common Test - Biopsy of a breast lump

Diagnostic Cytology
Conducts tests on cells taken from the body to detect cancer.
Common Test: - Pap test to detect cervical cancer

Clinical Genetics
Conducts tests on chromosomes, DNA and RNA from cells of body fluids and tissues, to diagnose genetic diseases.
Common Test - Amniocentesis and other forms of pre-natal testing


Other specialty areas include immunology, electron microscopy, virology, parasitology and flow cytometry. Medical laboratory technicians are problem solvers and like challenge and take pride in their assistance in taking steps towards solutions.


What sort of education do you need to become a medical laboratory technician?


If you are still in high school, you should have a solid foundation in the sciences: biology, chemistry, math and computer science. After graduration, you'll need a combination of formal education and clinical education in a Medical Laboratory Technician studies.

If you have already graduated you'll need a combination of formal education plus clinical education in a Medical Laboratory Technician (MLT) program accredited by the National Accrediting Agency for Clinical Laboratory Sciences (NAACLS).


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